Computer Lab Vocabulary List

This is the complete list of words used in the computer lab.  Words are divided into grade level during class.

Active cell  - The thick-bordered cell where you can enter numbers or formulas in
a spreadsheet.

Algorithm  - A list of steps that you can follow to finish a task.

Alignment  - How your text conforms to the left and right margins of a page. The text
can be right-aligned, centered, left-aligned, or fully-aligned/justified.

AND -  A way to search for information using the words AND, OR and NOT. Boolean
logic was created by English mathematician George Boole 150 years ago.

Animated Clipart  -  A moving clip art graphic.

Anti-Virus - An application designed to search for viruses and repair files on a computer.

Applications - Programs that allow you to accomplish certain tasks such as write letters,
analyze numbers, sort files, manage finances, draw pictures, and play games.

Arrow keys - The keys on computer keyboard used to move the cursor up, down, left,
or right on your screen.

Ascending Order - Organizing or sorting information in order from smallest to largest,
or A-Z or 1-9

Audio - Relating to sound or its reproduction of sound.
 
AUP (Acceptable Use Policy) - A set of rules and guidelines that are set up to
regulate Internet use and to protect the user.

Axis - A feature of a chart, on which you can plot numbers. The horizontal line is
called the X-axis, and the vertical line is called the Y-axis.

Bar graph - One type of graph developed from spreadsheet data that uses parallel
bars to compare data and changes in data over time.

Bold -  A style of text that makes a letter or word darker and thicker to stand
out in a document.

Button bar - A horizontal strip of buttons near the top of a window. It provides
shortcuts for commonly used commands. Also known as a toolbar.

 
Buttons  - The little boxes on your screen that you click on with your mouse to
accomplish a task. Most buttons contain small pictures (icons) that display what they
do, such as a small printer that can be clicked on to print a document.

Calculate - The working of mathematical equations. Formulas that are usually used
in spreadsheets allow the computer to automatically perform calculations.

Cell - The space at the intersection of a row and column in a spreadsheet.

Chart - A way to present information from a spreadsheet in the form of graphs
or tables. 

Circle graph - A picture showing the relationship of two or more sets of data
using a circle.

Clip art - Drawings you can add to your documents or presentations. Clip art
includes items such as cartoons, maps, symbols, and flags. 

Collaborate - To work jointly with others or together especially in an
intellectual endeavor.

Column - The vertical divisions in a spreadsheet that are named with
an alphabetical letter.

Copy - To make an exact copy of information in your document, so you can
place in order to duplicate it in a new location.

Copyright Law - The law that protects the exclusive legal right to reproduce,
publish, sell, or distribute the matter and form of something

CPU (Central Processing Unit) -  The main chip that allows computers to
do millions of calculations per second and makes it possible for users to write letters and balance your checkbook.

Credits  - To give reference to the creator and source of the information
used in a presentation.

Cursor - This is where the action is located on your screen, represented
by a flashing line. When you type on your keyboard, the information appears at the cursor.

Cyberbully - The electronic posting of mean-spirited messages about a
person (as a student) often done anonymously.
 
Database - A database is an organized collection of related information 
 
that can be used for searches. An application that helps manage large collections of information. 
 
Delete - A key used to erase characters.

Descending Order - Organizing or sorting information in order from
largest to smallest, Z-A or 9-1

Desktop - The background on the windows, menus, and dialog boxes
on a PC. It is supposed to represent a desk.

Desktop publishing - Using features of word processing/DTP software
to format and produce documents, letters, reports, flyers, and newsletters with graphics.

Digital - Characterized by electronic and especially computerized technology.
 
Domain - The part of an Internet address that identifies where a person's
account is located. For example, in the address jdoe@dpi.state.nc.us the
domain is everything after the @.

e-books - A book composed in or converted to digital format for display
on a computer screen or handheld device.
 

Electronic - of, relating to, or utilizing devices constructed or working
by the methods or principles of electronics.
 
E-mail - Sending and receiving messages through a computer network.
This process requires a computer, modem or network connection, and an e-mail address. 

Edit - To make changes in a document or presentation.

Enter/Return - The key used to begin a new line in a word processor,
or to enter information into a spreadsheet. It is the same as clicking OK in a dialog box.

Entry bar - The field where information is entered in a spreadsheet.

Ethical - Involving questions of right and wrong behavior, following accepted
rules of behavior: morally right and good.

Evaluate - To determine the significance, worth, or condition of usually by
careful appraisal and study.

Field - A place in a database record where a category of information can
be entered or located.

File - A set of related records in a database.

Firewall - Technology that prevents users from visiting inappropriate
web sites, and protects the network from unauthorized users.

Font - The shape and style of text.

Format - To set the margins, tabs, font or line spacing in layout of a document.

Formatting Tools - Tools that are used to give shape, size, and
general makeup (as of something printed).
 
Freeware - Software written and then donated to the public, so
anyone is free to copy it and share it with their friends. This is not
the same as shareware or commercial software, which is supposed to be paid for.
 
Gif (Graphic Interchange Format) (Pronounced "jiff.") - A file format for
pictures, photographs, and drawings that are compressed so that they can
be sent across telephone lines quickly.
 
Graph - A picture showing the relationship of one or more sets of
numbers to each other. Some graph types are line, bar, area, and pie graphs.

Graphic - Images/pictures created, edited, and/or published using a computer. 

Hacker - An unauthorized person who secretly gains access to computer files.

Hardware - Part of the computer system such as a keyboard, screen,
mouse, joystick, printer, speakers, etc.

Highlight  - To choose part of a document by clicking and
dragging over it with the mouse to highlight the text.

Home page - An introductory screen on a web page on the World Wide Web,
used to welcome visitors. A home page can include special text or graphics
on which you click to jump to related information on other pages on the Web. 

Home row - Keys on the keyboard with fingers of the left hand are on A-S-D-F
and fingers on the right hand on J-K-L-;

Host - The name given to a computer directly connected to the Internet.
Host computers are associated with computer networks, online services, or
bulletin board systems.

Hyperlink or Hypertext - Special text when clicked jumps the user from
one related topic to another.

Illustration - Clip art, graphics or drawings on a computer.
 
Image - A visual representation of something like a likeness of an object
produced on a photographic material or a picture produced on an electronic display.
 
Indent - To set the first line of a paragraph in from the margin in a word processing document.

Intellectual PropertyThe property (as an idea, invention, or process)
that derives from the work of the mind or intellect

 
Internet - Term given to the network of computers that provide information world-wide.
 
Jpeg (Joint Photographic Experts Group) - A standard for shrinking
graphics so they can be sent faster between modems and take up less space on your hard drive.
 
Keyboard - The hardware device used to enter letters into the computer.

Keyword - A word or reference point used to describe content on a web
page that search engines use to properly index the page.

Label - The term given to the words entered on a spreadsheet usually
naming a column.

Landscape - The page setup that permits a document to be printed in a horizontal position.

Line graph - A graph used to display trends and compare data.

Line spacing - The span between lines of text

Linear - Moving in a straight line or path; a multimedia presentation
that moves in a straight line from image to image. 

Links  - Connections that bridge one image, page, or word to another
 by clicking on a highlighted word or phrase.

Math Symbols - Symbols used in a search.

  >Greater than symbol
 <Less than symbol used in a search
Greater than or equal to
Less than or equal to
Not equal
 =Equal to 

Monitor - The device with a screen used to show computer images.

Mouse - A tool used to move the cursor and pointer around the screen.

Multimedia  - To use a combination of text, pictures, sounds, movies,
and/or animation in a presentation.

Netiquette -Etiquette governing communications on the Internet.

Network - A system of connected computers that allows the sharing of
files and equipment. There are two types of networks: local area network
(LAN) and wide area network (WAN).
 
Non-linear  - Not moving in a straight line or path; a multimedia
presentation that transitions from one image to another in an order
that is preset, but not necessarily in a straight path.
 
Numeric - Keypad The portion of a keyboard, set up like an adding
machine or calculator used to enter numbers and equations quickly into the computer.

Online Resources - Internet information available to a computer user.

Online Safety - Precautions taken to protect personal information and
images from being misused by others.

OR - Formal name given to advanced search strategies using AND,
OR and NOT connectors. Boolean logic was created by English
mathematician George Boole 150 years ago. 

Page Set Up - The term in reference to the way a document is formatted to print.

Password - A code for the security protection to allow access to a
computer or the computer programs.

Paste - To insert the last information that was cut or copied into a
document. Cut and paste can be used to move information within or between documents.

Pictogram - Pictures used to create a bar graph chart

Pie graph - Circle graph divided into pieces that look like portions of a pie.

Portrait - The default page setup that prints the document vertically.

Print  - To put what is on the computer screen on paper. It creates a
paper copy of the document created on the computer.

Printer - A hardware device used to make a paper copy of what is
created on the computer. 

Probeware - Computer assisted data collection tools.
 
Program  - An algorithm that has been coded into something that can be run by a machine.
 
 
Public Domain - Software written and then donated to the public. 
Anyone can use and copy public domain software free of charge,
but it is not always the same quality as commercial software.

Record - A collection of related field and entries.

Retrieve - Open a saved document.

Row - The horizontal divisions in a spreadsheet named with a number.

Save -  To storing information on a floppy disk, hard drive or CD
for later use. Work should be saved often, every 5 or 10 minutes,
to make sure your latest changes are safely recorded.

Save As - To save a document with a new name.

Search - To look for specific information on the internet or computer.

Search Engines - Software that searches, gathers and identifies
information from a database based on keywords, indices, titles and text. 

Search Strategies - There are 3 basic ways to begin a search. 
1. Try to guess at the URL. 
2. Use Subject directories provided by some search engines. The
selected resources are grouped by subject, categories, and
subcategories that can be used for keyword search or to browse the categories. 
3. Use a search engine for large searches using unique keywords or
combinations of keywords to narrow the search.

Security - Protection of computer, computer files or a computer
network from use without permission of the owner or owners. 

Select or Highlight - To choose part of a document by clicking and
dragging over it with the mouse to highlight the text.

Server - A special computer used to store programs and files, and
then sends it out to other computers one or all at a time.

Shareware - Software that can be tried before you purchase.

Software - Programs that allow you to accomplish
certain tasks such as write letters, analyze numbers, sort files, manage finances, draw pictures, and play games.

Sort - Arranging information in a specific order (usually ascending and descending).

Spreadsheet - An application that can be used to do calculations,
analyze and present data. It includes tools for organizing, managing,
sorting and retrieving data and testing "what if " statements. 

Stand Alone Computer - A computer that does not rely upon any
other computer or server to work. 

Storyboard - A graphic organizer used for planning and developing
a multimedia report/presentation. The contents, layout, and formatting
of each card/slide and the linking together of the cards/slides.

Table - Columns and rows of cells that can be filled with text that are
used to organize information 

Telecommunication - The act of sending and receiving information,
such as data, text, pictures, voice, and video. The exchange of information
can be within a building or around the globe.

Text  - Words on a page.

Thesaurus - A feature in most word processors used to replace a word
in a document with one that is more suitable and adds variety to your writing.

URL Address - Uniform Resource Locator Website address. Example: http://www.iss.k12.nc.us 

User name - First part of an e-mail address. Example: jmwinton is the user
name of the following e-mail address. jmwinton@iss.k12.nc.us 

Value - The term for a number in a spreadsheet that can be added,
subtracted, multiplied or divided.

Vandalism - The intentional act of destroying computer files or
computer networks. 

Video - A recording similar to a videotape but stored in digital form.
 
Virus - A computer program designed to damage computer files.

Visualization - The act or process of interpreting in visual terms or of putting into visible form

Web Address - Universal Resource Locator (URL).

Example: http://www.carteretcountyschools.org

Web Browser - A computer program used for accessing sites or information on a

network (like the World Wide Web)

Wiki - A web site that allows visitors to make changes, contributions, or corrections 
to a site.  it is a collaboration tool.

Word processing- Using keyboarding skills to produce documents
such as letters, reports, manuals, and newsletters.

 

Word wrap- This occurs when you get to the end of a line and
continue typing the text will then go to the next line.

Worm- A computer file designed to do damage that goes through
a computer and possibly a network

WWW (World Wide Web)- The section of the Internet that allows
access to text, graphics, sound, and even video. A lot of free
information can be found on the WWW.

WYSIWYG- an acronym for "What You See Is What You Get" and
is pronounced "wizzy wig." WYSIWYG simply means that the text and
graphics shown on your screen exactly match your printouts.

 

 
Last Modified on Wednesday at 2:23 PM