Vocabulary Terms 6th grade L to J
1. dialogue – when the characters in a story speak ( usually set off by quotation marks)
2. significance- importance
3. details- sentences that show support of the main idea
4. audience – one reading the story
5. fiction-the class of literature that tells a made up story
6. Non-fiction – a type of literature that tells about real-life people, places, and events.
7. Author – the person who wrote the story
8. Narrator – the person who is telling the story
9. Autobiography -the story of the writer’s own life as told by the writer.
10. Strategy- a plan, method used to obtain a specific goal or result.
11. Compare and contrast – the similarity or difference between two things.
12. Cause/effect – a text structure exploring the reason something happened and the result
13. characteristic- a distinguishing feature or quality
14. inferences – a guess based on known fact, conclusion
15. Main idea – a central idea that a writer wishes to express. It can be the central idea of an entire work or a thought expressed in the topic sentence of a paragraph
16. Genre - a classification of literature, such as fiction, drama, poetry, etc.
17. conclusion- the end of the story in which problems are resolved
18. chronology – a text structure presenting events in the order in which they occur (sequencing)
19. inductive – a text structure that starts with specific ideas and works toward a general idea
20. Deductive – text structure that starts with a general idea and works toward specific idea
21. Spatial order – text structure that shows where thing are
22. Categorization – a text structure that puts thing in categories
1. impact-the force exerted by a new idea, concept, technology, or ideology
2. summarize - to write a brief statement containing the main points
3. paraphrase- restating something using different words (rephrasing)
4. Graphic organizers- thinking maps that help organize ideas
5. context clues – word, phrases, or sentences that give meaning to unknown words
6. denotation – the dictionary definition of the word
7. connotation – the extra sense that the word implies positive/negative (cheap/inexpensive)
8. text- written word, story or selection
9. infomercial- a long commercial that informs or instructs, esp. in an original and entertaining manner
10. brochures -a pamphlet or leaflet
11. Newsletter-a written report, usually issued periodically, prepared by a group to present information to stockholders, or the like, and often to the press and public
12. distinguish - to set apart as different
1. argumentative - fond of or given to argument and dispute
2. stance- a mental or emotional position adopted with respect to something
3. Inference- a conclusion that can be drawn from the available information.
4. fact –a piece of information that can be proven or verified
5. opinion- a personal point of view or belief; cannot be proven or verified
6. public documents – editorials or school policies
7. Author’s purpose – the reason the author wrote the piece to entertain, inform, persuade, or expression
8. Style/voice – the way an author uses phrases and sentences to make his story distinctive
9. tone-the way a piece sounds as we read it
10. mood – the feeling or atmosphere in the story set by the author
11. focus- a central point, as of attraction, attention, or activity
12. evaluate- to judge or determine the significance, worth, or quality of; assess
13. Point of view- the relationship of the narrator or storyteller to the story.
14. 1st person one of the characters is telling the story.
15. 3rd person someone outside the story is telling the story.
16. Plot – the action of the story
17. problem –the situation that the main character is trying to solve
18. resolution – the final outcome of the story or the solution to the problem
19. character – a person or other creature in the story
20. setting – the time and place of the story’s events
21. climax – the point of greatest interest in the story (wow moment)
22. conflict – the main problem the character faces (with others, self, or nature)
23. Symbolism – the use of one thing to stand for or represent another.
24. judgment-the ability to make a decision
25. relevant - bearing upon or connected with the matter in hand; pertinent
26. Theme - a more generally stated topic concerning a passage’s main ideas.
27. technique- way of accomplishing
1. assumption- the act of taking for granted or supposing
2. Bias- a strong prejudice for one side over another – favoring only one side
3. Objective – a work based on fact, having no bias or partiality
4. Propaganda – persuasion techniques
5. apparent- capable of being easily perceived or understood; plain or clear; obvious:
6. relationships- a connection, association, or involvement
7. part to whole example setting to plot diagram
8. antonyms – words that have opposite meanings
9. synonyms – words that are very similar in meaning
10. consequence- the effect, result, or outcome of something occurring earlier
11. evidence – proof
12. Analogy – a comparison that shows a relationship between two things.
1. hyperbole – extreme exaggeration
2. alliteration-repetition of consonant sounds
3. onomatopoeia –the use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes
4. Imagery – the use of vivid description to create a picture in the reader’s mind.
5. Foreshadow – gives clues that suggest what might happen in the future
6. rhyme-the repetition of two or more words, of a stressed vowel sounds and the consonants that come after them
7. rhythm- the pattern of beats made by a stressed and unstressed syllables in the lines of a poem
8. personification-a figure of speech in which an animal or object or idea is given the characteristic of being human
9. repetition – creating a special effect by repeating a sound or word
10. Allusion – a reference to a well known work of literature, art, music, etc.
11. metaphor-a figure of speech that compares two unlike things not using like or as
12. Simile- a figure of speech that uses like or as to directly compare two seemingly unlike things
13. flashback- interrupting the story with events from the past
11. sarcasm- an expression that is personal, jeering, and intended to hurt
12. Oxymoron – a seemingly contradictory combination of words (jumbo shrimp)
13. Suspense – a feeling of uncertainty or dread of what will happen next
14. stereotype- a character whose personality traits represent a group rather than an individual
15. concepts- a general notion or idea
16. distortion- anything that is distorted, as a sound, image, fact
17. irony-a statement meaning the opposite of what is literally stated
18. self selected- choose what to read
19. myth- a folktale about gods and goddesses
20. Drama – a play written to be performed by actors.
21. Mystery- a novel, short story, play, or film whose plot involves a crime or other event that remains puzzlingly unsettled until the very end
22. Realistic fiction- believable story that could be true
23. Folktale- a type of legend story
24. Tall tale – an American hero folktale full of extreme exaggerations.
25. Fable-a brief story or poem usually with animal characters that teaches a lesson, or moral. The moral is usually stated at the end.
26. Biography-a writer tells the life story of another person
27. prose- the ordinary form of spoken or written language
28. pattern poem-a poem that contains a set rhyme
29. declarative sentence- statement
30. exclamatory sentence –shows great expression and has an exclamation point at the end
31. interrogative sentence- ask a questions and ends with a question mark
32. command sentences- have an understood subject of you
33. prefix- a group of letters that are at the beginning of a word that changes its meaning
34. suffixes- letters added to the end of a word that change its meaning
35. Dialect-a form of speech that belongs to a particular group or region.
36. Plot diagram- is the sequenced of related events that make up the story. Exposition includes the characters and setting.
Rising action includes the problem. Climax is the