AP Spring Vocab.
AP English Language Spring Vocab. List #1
1. Anaphora: The repetition of a group of words at the beginning of successive clauses.
2. Ameliorate: to make or become better; more bearable, or more satisfactory
3. Antiquated: continued from, resembling, or adhering to the past; no longer used; obsolete
4. Antithesis: the direct opposite
5. Buttress: to give encouragement or support to
6. Canon: One of the traditional elements of rhetorical composition -- invention, arrangement, style, memory, or delivery.
7. Clandestine: characterized by, done in, or executed with secrecy or concealment, especially for purposes of subversion or deception; private or surreptitious
8. Diminutive: pertaining to or denoting smallness, familiarity, affection, or triviality
9. Fallacy: a deceptive, misleading, or false notion, belief
10. Fallibility: liable to be erroneous or false; not accurate
11. Gaffe: a social blunder; faux pas.
12. Ineffable: incapable of being expressed or described in words; inexpressible ;not to be spoken because of its sacredness; unutterable
13. Litany: a prolonged or tedious account; a ceremonial or liturgical form of prayer
14. Litotes: understatement, especially that in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary, as in “not bad at all.”
15. Macabre: gruesome and horrifying; ghastly; horrible; of, pertaining to, dealing with, or representing death, especially its grimmer or uglier aspect
16. Metonymy: (Rhetoric )a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as “the bottle” for “strong drink.”
17. Nuance: a subtle difference or distinction in expression, meaning, response, etc.
18. Obdurate: unmoved by persuasion, pity, or tender feelings; stubborn; unyielding.
19. Oblique: indirectly stated or expressed; not straightforward
20. Ostentatious: characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous show in an attempt to impress others
21. Paradox: an opinion or statement contrary to commonly accepted opinion.
22. Pejorative: having a disparaging, derogatory, or belittling effect or force
23. Piety: dutiful respect; reverence for God; veneration; awe; the quality or state of being pious
24. Poignant: keen or strong in mental appeal: a subject of poignant interest; affecting or moving the emotions: a poignant scene; pungent to the smell
25. Rhetoric: the art or science of all specialized literary uses of language in prose or verse, including the figures of speech; the study of the effective use of language.
26. Salacious: lustful or lecherous; (of writings, pictures, etc.) obscene; grossly indecent.
27. Surreptitious: obtained, done, made, etc., by stealth; secret or unauthorized; clandestine
28. Syllogism: an extremely subtle, sophisticated, or deceptive argument.
29. Ubiquitous: existing or being everywhere, especially at the same time; omnipresent
30. Vitriolic: something highly caustic or severe in effect, as criticism.